What is Chambray Fabric?

blue chambray fabric on men's shirt

Written by Tanya Zhang

What Is Chambray?

Chambray is a plain-weave fabric that resembles denim but is generally thinner and lighter in weight and woven with a white yarn or weft thread and a colored warp thread.

The colored warp thread can be any color, but it is usually blue, creating a fabric that looks similar to denim but with a more subtle and refined appearance.

It can be made from cotton, linen, or a blend of both, and it is commonly used for clothing such as shirts, dresses, and skirts. In this guide, we'll go deeper into how it's made, its usage, and its distinctive color.

How Is Chambray Fabric Made?

Chambray fabrics are typically made using a plain weave technique, where the warp and weft threads interlace over and under each other in a simple over-under pattern. The warp threads, which run vertically on the loom, are usually dyed with a colored dye, while the weft threads, which run horizontally, are left white or undyed. This creates shirt fabrics with a colored surface and a white underside, giving chambray its characteristic look.

Chambray can be made from a variety of fibers, but more commonly from cotton fabrics or a cotton-linen blend. The cotton fibers are first spun into yarn and then dyed before being woven into the chambray fabric.

Where Is Chambray Fabric Produced?

Chambray fabric is produced in various countries around the world, including the United States, Italy, Japan, and China.

The production of chambray fabric typically involves spinning cotton or cotton-linen blend yarns, dyeing the yarns, and then weaving the yarns into a finer weave of the fabric using a plain weave technique.

The United States has a long history of producing chambray fabric, with some of the earliest mills producing chambray fabric in the late 1800s. Today, chambray fabric is still produced in the United States, with some of the leading manufacturers located in the southern states such as Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina.

Chambray Shirts Explained

Chambray shirts have been a staple of men's clothing for decades. They are versatile and can be worn in many different settings, from casual summer weekend wear to more formal office environments.

They typically feature a simple design, with a button-front and a collar. One of the key features of chambray shirts is their texture due to how the weave is constructed. This is our favorite long sleeve dress shirt from Nimble Made in a blue chambray color:


These shirts can be dressed up or down, depending on the occasion. Wear chambray tops with jeans or khakis for a casual look or pair them with dress pants for a more informal outfit. They can be worn with or without a tie, depending on the formality of the occasion.

What Color is Chambray?

Chambray fabric is a material typically known for its distinctive blue color, which can range from light blue to dark indigo. Here is a collection of men's blue dress shirts from Nimble Made in their unique slim fit. However, chambray fabric can also come in other colors, including gray, green, and even pink.

One of the key characteristics of chambray is its softer texture, and its mottled or heather appearance This gives chambray fabric a subtle and interesting texture that sets it apart from other types of fabric.

When it comes to choosing a chambray shirt or other garment, the color of the fabric can be an important consideration. Lighter shades of blue chambray are typically more casual and summery, while darker indigo chambray can be more versatile and can be dressed up or down depending on the occasion.

Chambray fabric can also be paired with other colors in interesting and creative ways. For example, a chambray shirt can be worn with khaki pants or shorts for a classic look, or paired with a bold-colored blazer or slim fit tie for a more fashion-forward outfit.

Chambray vs Denim

One of the main differences between chambray and denim is how they're woven differently. Chambray is typically woven using a plain weave, where the warp threads are alternately passed over and under the weft threads, resulting in a lightweight and breathable fabric.

Denim, on the other hand, is typically woven using a twill weave, where the warp threads are passed over one or more threads to create a diagonal pattern, resulting in a thicker and more durable fabric.

Another key difference between chambray and denim is the way that the fabric is dyed. Chambray is typically dyed with a lighter blue color and has a more uniform appearance due to the way the fabric is woven.

Denim, on the other hand, is typically dyed with a darker indigo color and has a distinctive, uneven appearance due to the twill fabric.

Chambray fabrics are typically used for lighter-weight clothing items, such as shirts and blouses, due to their lightweight construction and breathable nature. Denim, on the other hand, is typically used for heavier clothing items, such as jeans, jackets, and overalls, due to its durability and strength.

dark blue denim chambray shirt

What is Denim Chambray?

Yes, there is also denim chambray which is a fabric that has the texture and appearance of denim but with a softer hand feel and more drape than traditional denim fabric. Typically made by using a plain weave, denim chambray has a heavier weight and a more prominent twill weave, similar in style to denim.

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